Monday, August 24, 2020

The Russians Renamed St. Petersburg Three Times in a Century

The Russians Renamed St. Petersburg Three Times in a Century St. Petersburg is Russias second-biggest city after Moscow, and from the beginning of time, it has been known by a couple of various names. In the over a long time since it was set up, St. Petersburg has additionally been known as Petrograd and Leningrad, however its otherwise called Sankt-Peterburg (in Russian), Petersburg, and downright Peter. The city has a populace of around 5 million individuals. Guests there take in the engineering, particularly notable structures along the Neva River and its waterways and tributaries streaming in the city that associate Lake Ladoga to the Gulf of Finland. Being so far north, in the center of summer, the citys sunshine expands almost 19 hours. Territory incorporates coniferous timberlands, sand rises, and sea shores. Why the entirety of the names for a solitary city? To comprehend the numerous assumed names of St. Petersburg, look no farther than the citys long, turbulent history.â 1703: St. Petersburg Subside the Great established the port city of St. Petersburg on the western edge of Russia in 1703 of every a damp floodplain. Situated on the Baltic Sea, he wanted to have the new city reflect the incomparable Western urban areas of Europe, where he had voyage while concentrating in his childhood. Amsterdam was one of the essential impacts on the despot, and the name St. Petersburg has a distinctly Dutch-German impact. 1914: Petrograd St. Petersburg saw its first name change in 1914 when World War I broke out. The Russians imagined that the name sounded excessively German, and it was given an increasingly Russian-sounding name. The Petro beginning of the name holds the historical backdrop of regarding Peter the Great.The - gradâ portion is a typical postfix utilized in various Russian urban communities and territories. 1924: Leningrad It was just 10 years that St. Petersburg was known as Petrograd in light of the fact that in 1917 the Russian Revolution 503 made a huge difference for the nation, including the citys name. Toward the start of the year, the Russian government was toppled, and by the end of the year, the Bolsheviks had taken control. This prompted the universes first socialist government. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin drove the Bolsheviks, and in 1922 the Soviet Union was made. After Lenins demise in 1924, Petrograd got known as Leningrad to respect the previous pioneer. 1991: St. Petersburg Quick forward through just about 70 years of the socialist government to the fall of the USSR. In the years that followed, numerous spots in the nation were renamed, and Leningrad became St. Petersburg by and by. Chronicled structures saw remodel and revival. Changing the city name back to its unique name didn't come without discussion. In 1991, the residents of Leningrad were allowed the chance to decide on the name change. As announced in the New York Times at that point, a few people saw reestablishing the citys name to St. Petersburg as an approach to overlook the times of strife during socialist guideline and a chance to recover its unique Russian legacy. The Bolsheviks, then again, considered the to be as an affront to Lenin. At long last, St. Petersburg was come back to its unique name, however you will even now discover a few people who allude to the city as Leningrad.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Introdution To Management Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Introdution To Management - Case Study Example d with a business choosing working from another area; all the more regularly these incorporate minimal effort, greater, lower hazard, lower representative turnover, higher benefits, to achieve an adjustment in the manner in which business is done, and so on. The parent company’s objectives can be changed, and in like manner the objectives and goals of redistributed organization are laid (Bangeman, 2005). Precisely therefore, Gail Lee, the overseeing executive of Melbourne’s style retailer, Leethal Fashion Accessories, offshored a portion of its business to India; this included production of prepared to-wear articles of clothing dependent on Australian structures that were sent by Leethal Fashion Accessories and furthermore imported gems to be sold in nearby departmental stores. Other than the purposes behind this business offshoring, LFA needed to confront a few issues regarding getting the finished items on time because of postponement in transport. Different issues were caused because of language and social obstructions, which now and then lead to misinterpretations and misjudging in the business managing. These issues bring down the certainty of Australian business visionaries in Indian business frameworks; yet, the immense contrast in labor costs will in general exceed misfortunes brought about by different issues (Hatch, 2006). Indian economy is differing, and runs from customary town cultivating to current assembling and administrations. The commitment of administrations segment is supposed to be the most extreme to the development of India’s economy, which demonstrates accessibility of surplus work. Insights show that significant part of the administrations is given by the English-talking instructed individuals in the field of Information Technology as programming administrations trade (Rushton and Walker, 2007). Another significant supporter of the economy is the little scope industry portion which assumes an essential job in business age with low capital venture. Assessments show that more than 18 million individuals are utilized in this mechanical fragment (John, M.S, 2002). House enterprises are for the most part run by

Friday, July 24, 2020

7 Ways to Boost Your Employee Morale Quickly

7 Ways to Boost Your Employee Morale Quickly INTRODUCTIONC?nv?nti?n?l wi?d?m holds th?t if ?nl? w? ??? w?rk?r? ?n?ugh, they w?uld b? m?r? ?r?du?tiv?.Th?r? i? ?r?b?bl? more t? it though. Recent r????r?h hints at th?r?’? a link b?tw??n ?m?l?????’ h???in??? and th?ir productivity ?t w?rk.Some ??m??ni?? ?r? t?king n?t?s â€" ?nd are already seeing th? b?n?fit?.A recent ?tud? b? ???n?mi?t? ?t the Univ?r?it? of Warwick found th?t happiness led t? a 12% ??ik? in ?r?du?tivit?, whil? unhappy w?rk?r? ?r?v?d 10% l??? productive. As th? r????r?h t??m ?ut it, “W? find that hum?n happiness h?? large ?nd ???itiv? ??u??l ?ff??t? ?n productivity. Positive emotions ?????r t? invigorate hum?n b?ing?.”Professor Andr?w O?w?ld, ?n? ?f three r????r?h?r? who l?d the study, said companies th?t invest in ?m?l???? ?u???rt and ??ti?f??ti?n t?nd to ?u????d in g?n?r?ting h???i?r w?rk?r?.At Google, ?m?l???? ??ti?f??ti?n r??? 37% as a result ?f th??? initiativesâ€"suggesting that fin?n?i?l in??ntiv?? ?r?n’t ?n?ugh to m?k? f?r highl? ?r?du?tiv? ?m?l?? ???.Sh?wn Anchor, author ?f Th? H???in??? Advantage, h?? found that th? brain w?rk? mu?h b?tt?r wh?n a person i? f??ling positive.At th??? times, individu?l? t?nd t? b? m?r? creative ?nd b?tt?r ?t ??lving ?r?bl?m?.And ?dditi?n?l r????r?h h?? ?h?wn that wh?n w?rk?r? ?r? h???? they’re m?r? effective collaborators w?rking t?w?rd ??mm?n goals. A? Anchor ???? it, th? in??ntiv? f?r ?rg?niz?ti?n? i? clear-cutâ€"“happiness leads t? gr??t?r levels of ?r?fit?” for ??m??ni?? th?t t?k? the right ?t???.But th? burd?n f?r im?r?ving w?rk?r?’ satisfaction n??dn’t r??t with companies ?l?n?.R????r?h ?ugg??t? th?r? ?r? ??m? simple ways employees can boost their ?wn happiness, like h?l?ing ?ut ??-w?rk?r?, m?dit?ting f?r ?t l???t tw? minutes every day, ?nd r?fl??ting ?n thr?? thing? t? b? grateful f?r ?t w?rk.In ?th?r w?rd?, r?l?ti?n?hi?? ?nd mindfulness m?tt?r ?????i?ll? ??rl? ?n.H?rv?rd researchers Phil St?n? ?nd Tal B?n-Sh?h?r h?v? f?und th?t ?tud?nt? with ?tr?ng social support, both at ??h ??l and at h?m?, t?nd?d t? b? h???i?r and better ?t dealing with ?tr???.As those ?tud?nt? b???m? adults, th?? t?k? th??? ?kill? with them int? the workplace. Workers with ?tr?ng r?l?ti?n?hi?? with co-workers ?r? lik?wi?? better at staying engaged and performing w?ll und?r ?tr???.Th?t h?? led some t? argue th?t h???i?r employees ?l?? m?k? b?tt?r l??d?r?.A???rding t? Al?x?nd?r Kj?rulf, founder ?f W??h?? In?. and th? ?rg?niz?ti?n’? “chief happiness ?ffi??r,” h???in??? i? the “ultim?t? productivity booster.” H???? ?m?l?????, in his vi?w, m?k? b?tt?r d??i?i?n?, ?x??l at m?n?ging th?ir tim?, and ??????? other crucial l??d?r?hi? ?kill?.WHAT IS EMPLOYEE MORALE   M?r?l? i? the ?????it? ?f a gr?u?? m?mb?r? t? maintain b?li?f in an institution ?r g??l, ??rti?ul?rl? in the f??? ?f ?????iti?n ?r h?rd?hi?.Morale i? often referenced b? ?uth?rit? figures ?? a generic v?lu? judgm?nt of the will??w?r, obedience, and ??lf-di??i?lin? ?f a gr?u? t??k?d with ??rf?rming duties ???ign?d b? a ?u?? ri?r.According t? Al?x?nd?r H. Leighton, morale i? the capacity ?f a group ?f ????l? to pull t?g?th?r persistently and ??n?i?t?ntl? in pursuit of a ??mm?n ?ur????. It i? th? d???ri?ti?n ?f th? emotions, ?ttitud?, ??ti?f??ti?n, and overall ?utl??k ?f ?m?l????? during their time in a workplace environment.Part ?f ?ff??tiv? ?r?du?tivit? is th?ught t? b? dir??tl? r?l?t?d t? th? m?r?l? ?f the ?m?l?????.Employees th?t are happy ?nd ???itiv? ?t w?rk are ??id to h?v? ???itiv? or high employee m?r?l?.Companies th?t m?int?in ?m?l????? who ?r? di???ti?fi?d ?nd negative about th?ir w?rk ?nvir?nm?nt ?r? ??id t? have n?g?tiv? or l?w ?m?l???? m?r?l?.M?tiv?ti?n is k?? t? ?m?l????? high work m?r?l?, as a m?n?g?r ?r a CEO you must b? a g??d motivator.M?tiv?ti?n i? a ??n??i?u? or un??n??i?u? driving f?r?? th?t ?r?u??? and dir??t? ??ti?n t?w?rd? th? ??hi?v?m?nt ?f a desired goal, ?nd to be a g??d m?tiv?t?r ??u mu?t know th? th??ri?? ?f hum?n behavior b???u?? ?? a m?n?g?r ??u mu?t know that you ?r? d??l ing with ????l? th??? th??ri?? are:Th??r? ?f need ?f Abr?h?m MaslowTh??r? x ?nd theory y ?f Douglas M?Gr?g?rTh??r? of tw? factors ?f Fredrick H?rzb?rgTheory ?f expectancyH??km?n’? and Oldham’s vi?w ??int ?b?ut the fund?m?nt?l ?h?r??t?ri?ti??   ?f th? w?rk th?t ?r??t? ?n internal m?tiv?ti?nIm??rt?n?? of m?r?l? in work place   Here are ?ix r????n? why staff m?r?l? ??n h?v? ?u?h ?n im???t ?n ?r?du?tivit?.Im?r?v?d ?r?du?tivit?Wh?n ?t?ff m?r?l? is high, ?v?r??n? works w?ll. Pr?du?tivit? in general improves wh?n th? staff l?v? t? come to w?rk.You’ll find th?t ??m? people will ?rriv? early ?r ?t?? l?t? with?ut ?x???ting rewards, ju?t b???u?? they l?v? b?ing ?t w?rk and ?nj?? the tasks.If ??u want ?n effective workplace with high l?v?l? ?f productivity, w?rk towards m?king your ?t?ff ?nj?? th? w?rk?l???.Im?r?v?d performance and creativityIndividu?l? perform b?tt?r when th? staff morale i? high.Tr? holding a brainstorming meeting to ??lv? a problem on a project wh?n ?t?ff morale is hig h ?nd ??u will b? ?m?z?d at h?w ?ui?kl? ?r??tiv? solutions ?rriv?.H?ld th? ??m? m??ting ?m?ng a t??m ?f depressed, b?r?d, or in?tt?ntiv? w?rk?r?, and ??u will find the meeting dr?g? on with no ?n?w?r t? the problem.R?du??d number ?f leave daysA big ???t t? any bu?in??? is th? number ?f l??v? d??? staff t?k?.If ??ur m?r?l? i? low, it i? easier to take a ?ingl? day off instead ?f dr?gging yourself int? th? w?rk?l???. Positive staff m?r?l? cuts b??k on sick ?nd l??v? d??? ?? ?t?ff enjoy th? work, want to attend ?nd are less in?lin?d t? l?t d?wn the teamHigh?r ?tt?nti?n to d?t?ilWh?n ?t?ff ?nj?? th? w?rk, people will pay ?tt?nti?n t? wh?t they ?r? d?ing.Wh?n morale i? l?w, ????l? are m?r? likely t? b???m? distracted, m?k? mistakes ?r work slower.A safer w?rk?l???People ??? attention t? ??f?t? rul?? wh?n ?t?ff m?r?l? i? high?r. With l??? di?tr??ti?n and gr??t?r f??u? ?n th? t??k at h?nd, ???id?nt? ?r? generally r?du??d.In?r????d quality of w?rkFinally, th? w?rk it??lf becomes a high?r qu ality when ????l? ?nj?? what they ?r? doing.Staff members with high m?r?l? ?r?du?? w?rk with higher quality th?n ?t?ff with a l?w ?r negative morale.One big question is what bring? ?b?ut poor ?m?l???? m?r?l??  We can’t actually start the di??u??i?n about h?w to b???t employee morale with?ut first kn?wing ?b?ut the ???r m?r?l? ?nd th? ??u???.What does Poor ?m?l???? m?r?l? mean?Most m?n?g?r? believe the l??ding reason ?m?l????? l??v? i? f?r m?r? m?n??.A r???nt study found that this i? not th? leading r????n for ?m?l????’? quitting.Rather, a large number of ?m?l????? l?ft due t?: d??r????d ?m?l???? m?r?l?, l??k ?f ?m?l???? development, ?nd feeling disconnected from ?v?r?ll ??m??n? ?ri?riti?? and objectives.H?r? ?r? ??m? ?m?l???? m?r?l? crusher  M?n?g?r? th?t tr??t ?m?l????? ???rl?:  P??r management is ?ft?n ?it?d ?? a ??u?? of m?r?l? i??u??, ?nd it can t?k? m?n? f?rm?. On? ?x?m?l? is a m?n?g?r wh? ??t? as th?ugh an ?m?l???? is lucky t? ?v?n h?v? a j?b, r?th?r th?n respecting th? ? m?l???? ?nd hi? ?r h?r w?rk.Moving the goalpost: Em?l????? will b? und?r?t?nd?bl? fru?tr?t?d if th?ir g??l? are ??ntinu?ll? ?h?ngingâ€"?????i?ll? if this happens before th? fir?t g??l ??n be ????m?li?h?d ?r if the n?w goals ??ntr?di?t the ?ld ?n??, m?king the ?r?vi?u? work ?b??l?t?.L??k ?f communication: Wh?n ?m?l????? f??l lik? th??’r? k??t in the dark, it ?r??t?? r???ntm?nt ?nd presents opportunities f?r rum?r? to run wild. C?mmuni??ti?n is im??rt?nt all the time, and i? ?riti??l ?t tim?? ?f ?xtr?m? change.L??k of tru?t to ??m?l?t? the w?rk: Thi? ?ft?n m?nif??t? ?? mi?r?m?n?g?m?nt or ?n environment in which an ?m?l???? d??? n?t f??l h? or she has any l??w??. M?n? ?m?l????? w?uld prefer t? d? th?ir j?b to the b??t of th?ir abilities and m?k? ???r??ri?t? judgment calls with?ut h?ving their actions ??ll?d into ?u??ti?n ?t every turn.S? h?w d? w? b???t ?m?l???? m?r?l??  A 2010 b??k, The 2020 W?rk?l??? b? Jeanne C. Meister ?nd K?ri? Willyerd confirms that th? w?rk?l??? r?v?luti?n h?? b??n t?king place f?r ??m? tim?.The b??k shows plenty ?f insight into how we will work in th? future, with much ?f wh?t th? ?uth?r? ?r?di?t?d ?lr??d? being ?vid?nt now.Click here to d?wnl??d fr?? guid?? t? improve ??ll?b?r?ti?n in ??ur w?rk ?l???W??? TO BOOST ?M?L???? M?R?L?   Creating EngagementEng?g?d employees ?r? r?r?.Gallups m??t r???nt gl?b?l r????r?h finds only 13% of ?m?l????? w?rldwid? are ?ng?g?d at w?rk.A???rding t? th? l?t??t St?t? ?f th? American Workplace report, just 33% of ?m?l???d r??id?nt? in th? Unit?d St?t?? are ?ng?g?d ?t w?rk. Engaged w?rk?r? ?t?nd apart from th?ir n?t-?ng?g?d and actively di??ng?g?d ??unt?r??rt? b???u?? of th? discretionary ?ff?rt th?? ??n?i?t?ntl? bring to th?ir roles.Th??? employees willingly g? the extra mile, work with ????i?n, ?nd f??l a profound ??nn??ti?n t? their ??m??n?. Th?? are th? people who will driv? innovation ?nd m?v? ??ur bu?in??? forward.Whatever ?ng?g?d employees d? ?u?h ?? ??lv? ?r?bl?m?, inn?v?t?, ?nd ?r??t? n?w ?u?t?m?r ? ??tiv?l? disengaged ?m?l????? will w?rk t? und?rmin?.Not-engaged employees ?ff?r perhaps the gr??t??t unt????d ????rtunit? f?r bu?in????? t? im?r?v? their performance ?nd profitability.Not-engaged w?rk?r? can b? difficult t? ???t.Th?? are not overtly h??til? or disruptive ?nd lik?l? d? ju?t ?n?ugh to fulfil their j?b r??uir?m?nt?. Th?? ?l???w?lk through their d??, unin??ir?d and l??king motivation.Th?? h?v? littl? ?r n? ??n??rn ?b?ut customers, ?r?du?tivit?, ?r?fit?bilit?, ??f?t?, ?r quality.They ?r? thinking about lunch ?r their n?xt break ?nd h?v? ????nti?ll? checked out.Measuring ?m?l???? ?ng?g?m?nt is im??rt?nt. Measuring th? right thing? th??? th?t m?tt?r m??t t? performance ?nd ?r?vid? a fr?m?w?rk f?r ???itiv? change is ?ru?i?l.G?llu?? Q12 ?m?l???? ?ng?g?m?nt measurement tool is d??ign?d to initi?t? ??m??n?wid? transformation t? ?r??t? ?u?t?in?bl? gr?wth.Researchers ?tudi?d 82,248 w?rk unit?, in?luding n??rl? 1.9 milli?n employees. Thi? l?t??t it?r?ti?n of th? m?t?-?n?l?? i? furth?r confirmed th? well-established connection b?tw??n employee ?ng?g?m?nt and k?? ??rf?rm?n?? outcomes:?u?t?m?r r?ting??r?fit?bilit??r?du?tivit?turn?v?r (f?r high-turn?v?r ?nd l?w-turn?v?r ?rg?niz?ti?n?)safety in?id?nt??hrink?g? (th?ft)?b??nt??i?mpatient ??f?t? incidentsqu?lit? (defects)G?llu? researchers ?tudi?d the differences in ??rf?rm?n?? between ?ng?g?d and ??tiv?l? disengaged w?rk units ?nd found th?t th??? ???ring in th? t?? h?lf ?n employee engagement n??rl? d?ubl?d th?ir ?dd? ?f ?u????? compared with th??? in th? bottom h?lf.Creating a Digit?l W?rk?l???  In order t? cultivate employee ?ng?g?m?nt, ?n ?ff??tiv? digit?l w?rk?l??? ?tr?t?g? n??d? t? b? ??n?id?r?d.In a nut?h?ll, th? digit?l w?rk?l??? simply r?f?r? to th? t??l? ?nd t??hn?l?gi?? that ?n?bl? ?m?l????? t? g?t th?ir j?b done ?ffi?i?ntl? ?nd ?ng?g? ?ff??tiv?l?.There ?r? a range ?f digit?l w?rk?l??? tools ?n organization ??n and should utiliz?: Onlin? t??m, w?rk??????, Company wiki, F?rum?, Blogging, In?t?nt mes saging ?nd F???b??k-lik? ?r?fil? ??g??.Fortunately these tools ?nd many m?r? are offered ?? ??rt ?f a g??d intranet whi?h can b? adapted to in?lud? v?ri?u? social ?nd ??ll?b?r?tiv? f??tur?? ?nd th??? that ?n??ur?g? th? w?rk?r to b? ??tiv?l? involved in th? company, r?th?r than just thinking ?f it as 9-5 drudg?r?.Thi? in turn ?r??t?? a thriving digit?l workplace, resulting in a happier, m?r? collaborative ?nd ?ng?g?d workforce.B??ring ?ll ?f thi? in mind, in ?rd?r for ??m??ni?? to ?r??t? a good w?rking ?ultur? th?t ?ng?g?? ?m?l????? ?nd b???t? morale, they mu?t pay attention t? th? w?nt? and n??d? ?f th? ?m?l???? ?nd use enabling t??hn?l?g? to f??ilit?t? this.Effective Leadership and ManagementThis means th?t for ??m? companies, it will b? n??????r? to l??k diff?r?ntl? ?t h?w th?? tackle l??d?r?hi? and wh?t t???? ?f l??d?r? ?r? in th? ?nt?r?ri??. According t? Iv?? Business J?urn?l, there are t?n k?? ‘C’ w?rd? that m?n?g?r? ?h?uld bear in mind wh?n ???r???hing h?w th?? d??l with e mployees, these are:C?nn??t â€" good r?l?ti?n?hi?? between m?n?g?r? and employees ?r? vital to ?ng?g?m?nt. Those workers th?t clash with m?n?g?m?nt ?? th?? feel und?rv?lu?d will n?v?r w?rk ?t th?ir t?? ?????it? for the ??m??n?.C?r??r â€" W?rk?r? w?nt to f??l lik? they h?v? th? ?h?n?? to ?dv?n?? th?ir career and w?nt ?h?ll?nging and m??ningful work that ??n h?l? them ??hi?v? this. It’? u? to the l??d?r n?t ?nl? t? find w?rk that ?h?ll?ng?? ?m?l???, but t? also instil the ??nfid?n?? in th? ?m?l???? that th?? can ??hi?v?.Cl?rit? â€" L??d?r? n??d t? h?v? vi?i?n and this mu?t b? communicated t? the ?m?l????, wh? w?nt? to kn?w th?t h?’? w?rking f?r a ?r?gr???iv? ??m??n? ?nd w?nt? t? full? und?r?t?nd it? goals.C?nv?? â€" Good l??d?r? ?ut in ?l??? processes and ?r???dur?? that allow w?rk?r? t? ??hi?v? goals. It’? n?t enough t? provide feedback, there mu?t b? ??m? facilitation b?hind driving ?m?l????? t? master t??k? ?nd then ??n?tru?tiv? and encouraging f??db??k should b? giv?n.Congra tulate â€" Too m?n? ??m??ni?? ?r? ?ui?k t? ?riti?iz? wh?n things go wr?ng ?nd unwilling to giv? ?r?i?? wh?r? it’? du?. Thi? f??t?r? a negative w?rking ?ultur? ?? everyone n??d? ?n??ur?g?m?nt ?nd i? th? ?ign ?f a b?d l??d?r.Contribute â€" Employees th?t und?r?t?nd h?w th?ir w?rk i? contributing t? the ?v?r?ll ??m??n? strategy ??rf?rm b?tt?r than those wh? d?n’t. This m??n? th?t m?n?g?r? h?v? t? ??mmuni??t? why a w?rk?r? j?b is im??rt?nt ?nd ?h?w them ?r?v?n results.C?ntr?l â€" w?rk?r? lik? t? h?v? ??ntr?l over th?ir ?wn liv??, ?? m?nti?n?d ??rli?r on, and thi? can b? ??hi?v?d b? flexible w?rking ?nd consulting th?m ?v?r i??u?? that are r?l?v?nt to their j?b. The ?bilit? f?r ?n ?m?l???? t? voice hi? id??? ?nd ??ini?n? i? important t? this feeling of control.C?ll?b?r?t? â€" thi? i? something th?t is seeing a hug? ri?? in popularity within all d???rtm?nt? ?f the enterprise. T??m work ?tr?ngth?n? r?l?ti?n?hi?? with both leaders ?nd colleagues, l??ding to a h???i?r, m?r? ?ng?g?d ?nd ? r?du?tiv? w?rk?l???.Cr?dibilit? â€" P???l? w?nt to be proud ?f wh?t they do and th?? w?nt to kn?w that th?? ?r? w?rking f?r an ethical ?nd high-performing ??m??n?.C?nfid?n?? â€" In order t? be ?r?ud ?f th? ??m??n?, an employee has t? h?v? ??nfid?n?? i? hi? leaders ?nd th? ??m??n? it??lf. S??nd?l, b? it ?f a ??r??n?l or corporate nature, r??ll? t?nd t? d?m?g? ?m?l???? (and ??n?um?r) confidence.Having Adequate  Job ?nrichmentJob ?nri?hm?nt is a m?n?g?m?nt ??n???t that inv?lv?? r?d??igning jobs so that th?? are more challenging t? th? ?m?l???? ?nd h?v? less r???titiv? w?rk.Th? ??n???t i? based ?n a 1968 H?rv?rd Bu?in??? R?vi?w ?rti?l? b? ????h?l?gi?t Fr?d?ri?k H?rzb?rg titled On? M?r? Time: How D? Y?u M?tiv?t? Em?l??????In th? article, H?rzb?rg ?t?t?d that th? gr??t??t employee m?tiv?t?r?, b???d ?n ??v?r?l inv??tig?ti?n?, are (in descending ?rd?r): ??hi?v?m?nt, recognition, work it??lf, r????n?ibilit?, ?dv?n??m?nt, ?nd gr?wth. To im?r?v? ?m?l???? motivation and ?r?du?tivit?, j?b? ?h?ul d b? m?difi?d t? in?r???? th? motivators ?r???nt for th? ?m?l????.T? make this concept more u??bl?, l?t? imagine ??u ?r? a company manager ?nd w?nt t? increase the ??ti?f??ti?n of your ?t?ff.A? ??u w?lk thr?ugh th? ?r????? of job ?nri?hm?nt, ??ull n??d t? keep in mind th??? g??l?:R?du?? r???titiv? w?rk.Increase th? employees feelings ?f recognition and ??hi?v?m?nt.Provide opportunities f?r ?m?l???? advancement (i.e. ?r?m?ti?n? int? j?b? requiring more ?kill?).Pr?vid? ????rtuniti?? f?r employee gr?wth (i.?. ?n increase in ?kill? ?nd kn?wl?dg? with?ut a j?b ?r?m?ti?n).J?b ?nri?hm?nt is ?ft?n used side by ?id? with job ?nl?rg?m?nt b?th th? later d??? n?t give m?tiv?ti?n t? ?m?l????? ?nd th?r?f?r? is not ?n effective m?r?l? booster f?r ?t?ff.Giving Incentives and BonusesSh?wing employees their w?rk i? appreciated with ?m?ll rewards ?nd v?rb?l ?r?i?? ???t? littl? ?r n?thing ?nd ?r?vid?? big b???t? t? morale. In??ntiv?? can b? in f?rm ?f the following:M?n?t?r? Incentives M?tiv?t?  M?n?t?r ? in??ntiv?? r?w?rd w?rk?r? f?r performance ?nd ?r?du?tivit? thr?ugh m?n??. Th??? in??ntiv?? in?lud? employee ?t??k options, ?r?fit ?h?ring plans, ??id tim? ?ff, bonuses ?nd cash ?w?rd?.Additi?n?l m?n?t?r? incentives in?lud? ?nnu?l ?r semi-annual b?nu???, ?u?h ?? mid-???r ?nd ?nd-?f-???r rewardsN?n-M?n?t?r? Opportunities  Non-monetary incentives reward employee ??rf?rm?n?? through ??rk? ?nd ????rtuniti??. Th??? r?w?rd? in?lud? fl?xibl? work hours, tr?ining opportunities ?nd th? ?bilit? t? work independently.Th? rewards ?nd in??ntiv?? are valuable t? ?n ?m?l???? b???u?? th?? ?ll?w workers t? learn n?w ?kill? and ?ur?u? advancement opportunities.As ?n ?m?l???r b?nu??? and incentives ?r? v?r? im??rt?nt, ??u can try it ?ut in your firm and t??tif?. Y?u must n?t? too th?t ?r???r in??ntiv? i? vit?l.Treat People as PeopleG? ?ut ?f ??ur w?? to m?k? an employee’s achievement vi?ibl?.It ?l?? m??n? ?t?nding u? for the team when it ??m?? t? inner-office ??liti??.How do ??u d? thi??Lifting ??u r ????l? u? ??uld b? ?? simple ?? ??m?thing you include in ?v?r?d?? ??nv?r??ti?n with ?th?r?, ?r it ??n b? ?? ?n informal ?m?il on “H??, take a l??k ?t thi?.”If there is a tim? where th? ?x??utiv? t??m g?t? together f?r d???rtm?nt?l ?t?tu? updates, make it a ??int to always include r???rting t??m win? ?n th? ?g?nd?.On? ???? thing to r?m?mb?r i? t? attach people’s n?m?? to vi?t?ri?? wh?n it m?k?? ??n??.For in?t?n??, in?t??d ?f “w?b tr?ffi? in?r????d 10% this w??k,” m??b? ?hr??? it as “J?rd?n’? new blog ???t ?n how t? motivate ????l? in the w?rk?l??? h?l??d w?b tr?ffi? in?r???? 10% thi? w??k.” It ??n gr??tl? b???t morale.Shuffle RolesIf ?n employee i? “?tu?k” with?ut mu?h ????rtunit?, ?nd they are ??m??n? you w?nt to k??? in the organization, ?ll?w them to consider joining another d???rtm?nt.It’? a t??t?m?nt t? b?th th? tr?n???r?n?? ?f ?v?r??n?’? r????n?ibiliti??, ?l?ng with th? ?rg?niz?ti?n’? initiative to ?n??ur?g? ?m?l????? t? educate co-workers ?n what’ s r??uir?d of th?m in th?ir r?l?.Thi? can be d?n? b? keeping in tun? with wh?t ??ur ????l? ?nj?? d?ing, not ?nl? what they ?r? good ?t, but wh?t th?? would put ?t th? t?? ?f th?ir d?il? li?t if th?? had th? ?h?i??.C?n?t?nt check-ins ?nd ?im?l? ??king ?u??ti?n? ?b?ut t??k? and r????n?ibiliti?? ?ll?w? ??u t? uncover what ????l? ?nj?? d?ing ?nd what th?? d?n’t. And, as mentioned, d? ??ur b??t t? ?r???-?du??t? r?l?? ?n wh?t a d?? in th? life might l??k like.Take One for the TeamG??d l??d?r? must lead b? ?x?m?l?.By w?lking ??ur talk, ??u become a ??r??n ?th?r? w?nt to f?ll?w.When l??d?r? say ?n? thing, but d? ?n?th?r, th?? erode trust; a ?riti??l element ?f ?r?du?tiv? l??d?r?hi?. It i? im??rt?nt that once in a whil?, ??u d? ??m? of th?t dirty j?b th?? don’t like t? do.Figur? ?ut wh?t the ?n? biggest ?tr??? point i? that ??ur ?m?l????? ?r? f??ing, th?n t?k? th? problem ?n yourself.I? it the d?t?il?d m?n?t?n? of filling ?ut tim?-?h??t?? I? it a particularly n??t? ?li?nt no one likes to deal with?T?k? on the ?r?bl?m ??ur??lf for ??ur team ?nd m?r?l? will g? u?. It’? a simple f??t and a ???ul?r saying that ?n? should l??d b? ?x?m?l?. If ??u do thi?, m?r?le g??? up and employees b?gin to l??k u? t? ??u.Here ?r? ??m? b??k? ?v?r? m?n?g?r ?h?uld read f?r ?n t? kn?w h?w t? m?k? ?n effective motivation ?m?ng ?m?l?????  Driv?, b? D?ni?l H. PinkNow that youre in ?h?rg? of a t??m of ????l?, h?w will you in??ir? them to ??rf?rm ?t th?ir b??t? In thi? bestselling bu?in??? b??k, Pink ?x?l?in? wh?, ??ntr?r? to ???ul?r b?li?f, ?xtrin?i? in??ntiv?? like money ?r?nt th? b??t way t? motivate high ??rf?rm?n??.In?t??d, employers ?h?uld f??u? on ?ultiv?ting in th?ir workers a ??n?? of ?ut?n?m?, mastery, and ?ur???? in order to h?l? th?m succeed.Th? One Thing Y?u N??d t? Kn?w, by M?r?u? Bu?kingh?mAccording t? Buckingham, gr??t m?n?g?r? ?r? able t? id?ntif? th?ir ?m?l????? individu?l strengths ?nd capitalize ?n th?m. This ???r???h, h? argues, i? considerably m?r? ?ff??tiv? than trying to improve ????l?? w??k ??int?.H?w to Win Friends ?nd Influence P???l?, by D?l? C?rn?gi?Eight? ???r? ?ft?r it? initi?l publication, thi? b??k i? ?till a b??t??ll?r. Legendary inv??t?r W?rr?n Buffett h?? ?v?n n?m?d it one of his f?v?rit? b??k?, noting th?t it h?l??d get him thr?ugh r?ugh times in high ??h??l.Mind??t, b? Carol Dweck DweckA St?nf?rd ????h?l?gi?t, m?d? w?v?? ?m?ng ??r?nt? and educators wh?n ?h? fir?t published Mind??t in 2006.M?r? recently, ?h?? ?h?wn th?t h?r id??? ???l? just ?? w?ll t? th? bu?in??? w?rld, ?nd Joe Folkman, ?r??id?nt ?f Zenger F?lkm?n ???? it? ?n? of hi? favorite reads.M?dit?ti?n?, b? M?r?u? Aur?liu? ?nd Gr?g?r? H???Th? Engli?h translation ?f M?dit?ti?n? is a ??ll??ti?n ?f personal writings n?v?r m??nt t? b? ?ubli?h?d b? Marcus Aur?liu?, th? R?m?n emperor wh? ruled fr?m 161 t? 180 AD.In Book 11, Aurelius f??u??? ?n the qualities ?nd behaviors that m?k? a gr??t l??d?r, lik? r?m?mb?ring ??ur f?llibilit? and k???ing ??ntr?l over ??ur ?m?ti?n?.B???ting m ?r?l? i?n’t ju?t th? j?b ?f th? m?n?g?r ?nl?, ?m?l????? ??n b???t their m?r?le? t??.   H?r? are a f?w w??? to d? that.C?nvin?? yourself ??u want to do it.One of the ???i??t things ??u can do t? m?tiv?t? ??ur??lf is to think of th? work ??ur? about t? do ?? n?t being ?? hard, ?ft?r ?ll.D? not focus ?n how difficult it will b? t? ??hi?v? the ??t g??l, rather f??u? ?n h?w g??d you will f??l ?b?ut the w?rk ?n?? it i? d?n?. M?k? h?rd l??k ????. B? that person who is capable ?f m?king h?rd ?tuff l??k ????.T?k? ??ntr?l.Whil? it? ???? t? b? ?v?rwh?lm?d by v?ri?u? ??r??n?l and professional r????n?ibiliti??, you can h?l? ??ur??lf ?t?? f??u??d by k???ing in mind that, at the very l???t, ??u are in ??ntr?l of ??ur ?wn ??ti?n?.Y?u are in full ??ntr?l ?f this ??w?r, they are in your h?nd?, ??u ??n build th? l?ng??t bridg? ?nd ??u ??n destroy th?m too, ?ll by yourself.Surround ??ur??lf with other people wh? ?r? m?tiv?t?d.N? m?n i? an island ?? a saying g???. In ?rd?r t? ?ur?u? your g??l? with ?v ?r?thing ??u have, it? helpful t? be around ?th?r ????l? wh? ?r? working just ?? h?rd t? achieve th?t and th??? people are your m?tiv?t?d and hardworking ??ll??gu??.Surround ??ur??lf with people th?t would ?h?ll?ng? you t? outdo ??ur??lfWhether its co-workers wh? inspire you ?n th? j?b ?r a gr?u? ?f lik?-mind?d friends ??u m??t up with ?ft?rw?rd?, it? important t? h?v? peers who ?u?h you t? succeed. Th? ???ing goes, ??ur? the ?v?r?g? ?f the 5 ????l? you h?ng ?ut with the m??t; ?? ?urr?und ??ur??lf with HARD workers!Br??k u? your t??k? int? ?m?ll?r tasks.Break your h?rd work int? component ??rt?; it m?k?? it ???i?r t? see wh?r? th? ?b?t??l?? ?r? ?? ??u can b? prepared t? ?v?r??m? th?m. Ind??d, it? important not only t? id?ntif? these ?m?ll tasks, but t? ??t ??ur??lf ?n th? b??k wh?n ??u ??m?l?t? ???h one.Sm?ll win? ??n ?????r in?r?m?nt?l ?nd r?th?r trivi?l, but th?? ??n boost inner w?rk lif? tr?m?nd?u?l?. Furth?rm?r?, small wins ??n ???umul?t? into big br??kthr?ugh?.St?? f??u??d.It? diffi?ult t? motivate ??ur??lf t? k??? working if youre not ?bl? t? ??n??ntr?t? on th? task ?t hand. Limit your exposure t? ?ut?id? di?tr??ti?n? by l?tting ????l? kn?w you wont ?lw??? b? ?v?il?bl? t? immediately respond t? t?xt?, ?m?il?, ?nd instant m????g??.If you have tr?in?d ?th?r? that your ?r? ?lw??? ?v?il?bl? t? r????nd t? r??u??t?, ??u n??d t? retrain th?m t? ?x???t something else. M?k? it ?l??r t? ????l? wh?n you will b? ?v?il?bl? f?r ?d h?? requests ?nd wh?n ??u arent.Stay positive.As ?n??n? will t?ll ??u, f?ilur? i? inevitable, but its h?w ??u deal with failure th?t d?t?rmin?? wh?th?r ??u will ultim?t?l? be ?u?????ful. Do wh?t ??u n??d t? d? to ????m?li?h ??ur g??l? r?g?rdl??? ?f what others or ?v?n ??u might think about it.It i? also v?r? important t? make ?ur? ??u dont see th? success ?f other ????l? ?nd f??l intimid?t?d ?nd th?r?b? giv? up. Al??, when they ??? it’? t?? mu?h w?rk, ?r too diffi?ult to ??hi?v?, don’t take th?ir w?rd for it.Find ?ut ??ur??lf.F??u? ?n ?? ur strengths, leave your w??kn????? ?l?n?, ??u d?n’t n??d th?m, ?? th?r? i? no ??int thinking ?b?ut it.Building ??lf-??t??m is about finding ?ut wh?t ??ur ?tr?ngth? ?r? ?nd th?n d?v?l??ing ?nd building ?n them. Y?ur ?m?l???r w?uld not h?v? giv?n ??u a job if th?? did n?t recognize ??rt?in ?kill? in ??u, kn?w th?t!C?N?LU?I?NBoosting of employee m?r?l? i? n?t m??nt f?r th? m?n?g?r?, th? ?m?l????? ?h?uld ?l?? ?l?? th?ir part kn?wing full? well that they get their ??? fr?m the firm? output, ?nd that high m?r?l? i? very essential in th?ir progress as ?n individual ?nd ?? a group.Th? employer ??n im?l?m?nt ?r?gr?m? ?nd m?k? ?n ?ff?rt t? r???gniz? w?rk?r? th?t g? b???nd th? ??ll ?f dut?.W?rk?r recognition ?r?gr?m, in??ntiv?? ?nd training ?l?n? ?r? w?rth wile inv??tm?nt? for in?r???ing m?r?l? in the w?rk?l???.M?n? new SMEs shut down tw? years ?ft?r ?t?rt u? n?t just b???u?? th?? r?n out of ???h but m?inl? because th? m?n?g?r ?r the owner lacks th? managerial ?bilit? and t??hni?u?? t? adeq uately ?nd int?rn?ll? m?tiv?t? ?t?ff.To boost m?r?l? m??n? t? ?n??ur?g? a workplace culture th?t ?ll?w? f?r a massive ?m?unt ?f ?m?l???? inv?lv?m?nt.M?r?l? i? b???t?d also b? employees f??ling th?t th?? ?r? v?lu?d, with gratitude being ?x?r????d ?nd giv?n by superiors proving important. Trust amongst colleagues i? ?l?? hugely im??rt?nt to morale ?nd thi? i? wh? team work and ??ll?b?r?ti?n in th? ?nt?r?ri?? ?h?uld b? ?n??ur?g?d.Fl?xibilit? in th? workplace is ?l?? im??rt?nt t? in?r???ing morale, ?? ?tudi?? have ?h?wn that it produces l??? ?b??nt??i?m, higher ?ng?g?m?nt ?nd productivity. A???rding to F?rb??, many ?nt?r?ri??? ?f t?d?? vi?w flexibility as a ?tr?t?g?, rather th?n an outright ?m?l???? perk, ?? th?? recognize it? v?lu?.A???rding to th? research ??m??n?, Gallup, th?ir l?t??t employee engagement meta-analysis, indi??t?? that bu?in??? units in th? t?? ?u?rtil? ?f engagement ?r? 17% m?r? ?r?du?tiv?, ?x??ri?n?? 70% f?w?r safety in?id?nt?, ?x??ri?n?? 41% less ?b??nt??i?m, h?v? 1 0% better customer r?ting? ?nd are 21% m?r? ?r?fit?bl? ??m??r?d with bu?in??? units in th? bottom qu?rtil?.Thi? w?? because the ?m?l????? are committed, l?v? th?ir j?b and ??r? ?b?ut wh?t happens t? the ??m??n? they w?rk f?r.

Friday, May 22, 2020

A Review of Brave New World - 1153 Words

BNW Essay – A life truly lived What is a life truly lived? Can one be happy all the time? To truly experience all that life has to offer, one must be able to compare the good and the bad. To know what happiness is, one must know sadness and to appreciate the highs, one must overcome the lows. In Brave New World, written by Aldous Huxley, we can see that a life without both good and bad experiences is a flat line and does not complete a person. Bernard was not happy though he was a member of Brave New World, Helmholtz was incomplete though seemingly happy and actually chose a ‘less-than-ideal’ life while Linda thought she was happy, but when she tried to apply her lifestyle in a new environment, she was unsuccessful and eventually died†¦show more content†¦He asks for hardships to fulfill his life. Helmholtz is a perfect example of a perfect life not being a life truly lived. One needs to know both the good and the bad to feel complete. Linda is yet another example of how a ‘perfect’ world view really is not perfect at all. Linda grew up in Brave New World and when she was left behind during her visit to the savage reservation, she did not know any other way of life so she tried to maintain her lifestyle. She believed, â€Å"the way they have one another here. Mad, I tell you, absolutely mad. Everybody belongs to every one else – don’t they? Don’t they?† This lifestyle did not make Linda happy at all. She was not living her life the right way and by extension was not living life at all because she only thought she was happy. Her lifestyle did not fit in with the culture in which she found herself and this made her unhappy since, â€Å"’nobody’s supposed to belong to more than one person. And if you have people in the ordinary way, the others think you’re wicked and anti-social. They hate and despise you [†¦]† (121). She also tried to continue in her consumerism mentality but this made her angry because, â€Å"it never used to be right to mend clothes. [†¦] Mending’s anti-social. But it’s all different here. It’s like living with lunatics. Everything they do is mad.† (121) Linda tried to keep her ‘happy’ lifestyle but realized she was not really happy and then felt like life had left her no reason to live. She turned to mescalShow MoreRelatedReview Of Brave New World 1779 Words   |  8 PagesMustafa Niazi Mr. Hadley English 2H August 19, 2015 Novel Play Review Notes: Brave New World Key Quotation â€Å"Everyone belongs to everyone else, after all.† (149) The idea of complete access in Brave New World actually elucidates the confinement in which the citizens of the modern world are living in. Everyone must subject to one another’s desires and motives, seemingly being treated like property. Consequently, the fact that all the members of this society play both the roleRead More Critical Reviews of Brave New World Essay example742 Words   |  3 PagesCritical Reviews of Brave New World Since the original publishing of Brave New World, the book has stirred up a brew of controversy. It has received many reviews both positive and negative. In this paper I will provide examples of both and look at the reasons behind them. My first review is a negative one. In the review the reviewer states as his main reasons for disliking the book are the obnoxious characters and plot holes. A few examples of this are that Bernard Marx is unhappy with hisRead MoreBuffy Montgomery. Dr. Walter Frazee. Biology. March 11,852 Words   |  4 Pages Buffy Montgomery Dr. Walter Frazee Biology March 11, 2017 Are We Living in Huxley s Brave New World? In today s world, we are deeply divided into social classes. Entertainment rules the world and the people care more about Facebook likes and impersonal digital interactions then they do about spending real time with family and friends. In today s world, outrageous parties are thrown and everyone does ecstasy and praises their experience. We live in a wold whereRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley668 Words   |  3 PagesIn Brave New World, there are similarities that have a deeper meaning that we can understand. There are personal effects in Aldous Huxley life that contribute to what he has written in the book. Aldous Huxley throughout his life have seen, done, and events have happened to him, just like all of us, but he has expressed it in his book. So when Aldous wrote the he had so many ideas. I have read the book; it’s notRead More Brave New World Essay962 Words   |  4 PagesBrave New World Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is a fictitious story about a future utopian society where people are mass-produced in laboratories. People have no emotions in this world where drugs and promiscuous sex are greatly encouraged. People are given labels according to their pre-natal intelligence assignment. These different classes all have specific roles within society and nobody is unhappy with their place. The Brave New World he was a fictitious story that sets upRead MoreBrave New World By Aldous Huxley1519 Words   |  7 Pages1. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley †¢ Average rating on 3.94/5 †¢ Synopsis: This story takes place in London, England, the United States and Mexico in the year 2540. In this so-called â€Å"Utopia†, the state has all control, it is a complete dictatorship. Babies are not born, they are artificially created and everyone is belonging to one of five distinct classes; Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon. The young are brainwashed into becoming happy with their predetermined role in societyRead MoreHuxley V. Orwell1015 Words   |  5 PagesBrave New World v. 1984 June 8, 2011 It is no question that both Huxley and Orwell were displeased with our societal norms by their predictions in Brave New World and 1984. However, the two famous novels could not have differed more in their visions of tomorrow. Huxley portrays a nation of pleasure addicted, mindless beings merely existing. Orwell illustrated such a strict regime that the pursuit of knowledge would be banned and our voices would be silenced. Imagine living in a world withoutRead More Essay on Bravery in The Tempest823 Words   |  4 Pagesand performs different capacities erratically.   A denotative definition from the 15th century, according to the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary (10 ed.), portrays brave as meaning, [from Old Italian and Spanish, meaning courageous, wild; probably from Latin, meaning barbarous].   The dictionary then defines brave as a.   having courage: dauntless b.   making fine show: colorful, c. excellent, splendid.  Ã‚  Ã‚   All of these distinct definitions find their capacity in The Tempest.   ProsperoRead MoreQuest for Truth Depicted in Swifts Gullivers Travels and Huxleys Brave New World1146 Words   |  5 PagesGulliver’s Travels and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, both authors use their main characters, John and Gulliver, to find the hidden truth within each world. Although they tell different stories, they both intertwine a common theme: trying to find the truth that hides deep within society. Since the truth hides from plain sight in both books, it must motivate some to find it. By having the Houyhnhnms speak and talk, its shows Gulliver the truth in the world and how he lives among a savage race,Read MoreAtlas Shrugged And Brave New World1127 Words   |  5 PagesThe book that I am comparing and contrasting to the extraordinary â€Å"Atlas Shrugged† is the book â€Å"Brave New World† by Aldous Huxley. â€Å"Atlas Shrugged† is about socialism. The Men in Washington want everyone to be equal which is socialism. â€Å"Brave New World† is about people making babies to be the mastermind of the World State. Atlas Shrugged and Brave New World are similar but different â€Å" Brave New World† was published in 1932. Aldous Huxley also wrote the books Visions, Books and Thoughts, Crome Yellow

Thursday, May 7, 2020

How Price Of Efds Machine Is Affecting Users From...

Going by observations many business people are complaining on the price of EFD machine starting from cheapest ETR machines to other expensive EFD machine such as ESD. The price of machine has been center of attraction for many complaints since introduction of EFD machines in Tanzania where some of taxpayer are boycotting acquiring and using EFD machine due to its price. (Ngowi, 2014) Despite appealing by the government that the pricing are fair compared to other countries implementing EFDs in monitoring revenues, many traders are unwilling to procure and use EFD machines (Daily News, 2013). This riots and boycotting are repeatedly occurring at Kariakoo and other urban areas were many business people are boycotting acquisition of EFD machine because of its price. The costs of acquiring EFDs are not well researched and few researchers concentrated on the impacts of EFDs in boosting revenues. In this study we will analyze how price of EFDs machine is affecting users from acquiring and i mplementing EFD system and provide the possible solutions on implementations of EFDs. Frequent network failures are also causing many riots due to delaying in sending daily report and inability to use the EFDs before sending daily reports (Nation Media, 2015). For this instance taxpayer are prompted to use manual invoices which are not allowed during the delaying time and this can results huge penalties and fines for failure to comply with EFD regulations as per requirements of The Income TaxShow MoreRelatedChallenges Faced By Taxpayers Implementation Of Efds System1673 Words   |  7 Pagestaxpayers in implementing EFDs system in Tanzania. To attain this, the studies were guided by the following objectives; affordability of prices of EFDs, to analyze network failures challenges users from acquiring and using EFD machines, to examine challenges of frequent EFDs machine breakdown, to assess knowledge of right EFD machine by business people, to assess whether monitoring EFD uses by sending daily reports is a hindrances to the users of EFD devices, to examine quality of EFD receipts andRead MoreThe Theory Of Equal Sacrifice, Rational Expectation Theory, And Optimal Tax Theory Essay2286 Words   |  10 Pageshonest sound, which is reasonable and appealing in its context. (Kendrick, 1939) Taxes have economic effects, and these effects entail social consequences. The ability to pay was first articulated by John Stuart Mill in 1848. Many economists tried on how to model ability-to-pay tax policy, with primary focus on the rate structures, in utilitarian terms. The most tax rates in tax brackets remains differences in ability to pay, focusing on the portion of earnings sacrificed by taxpayers. The ability to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hiv/Aids and Social Support Essay Free Essays

HIV/AIDS and Social Support Essay The role of social Support in coping in HIV/AIDS As South Africa has a very high rate of HIV infections. The government has increased the availability of antiretrovirals to the individuals who have been diagnosed with this disease. Whereas the availability of the treatment increases there is a great amount of stressors that come with the diagnosis of this virus. We will write a custom essay sample on Hiv/Aids and Social Support Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Therefor there are other aspects that play a role in the treatment of HIV/AIDS such as environmental factors, stigmazation and social support. This essay will be discussing the role that social support plays in people with HIV/AIDS, the effects of social support and the theories on social support. This essay will also be discussing the role of social support after an individual has been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. The related health decline and the stigma attached to this diagnosis. The diagnosis of HIV/AIDS leads to enormous amounts of stress to the individual that has been diagnosed with this chronic illness. Solomon (1987) as citied in Green (1993) hypnotizes that stress, psychological and social support can influence the pace at which HIV replicates and progresses to AIDS; therefor there is an indirect link between HIV/AIDS and social support. According to Carver (1989) as cited in Koopman, Gore-Felton, Marouf Butler, Field, Gill, Chen, Israelski Spiegel(2000) the lack of expression of motions, the withdrawal of one’s behaviour and the mental detachment to the world are the three most used coping tactics that are associated with the increasing levels of stress among people living with HIV. There are a lot of stigmas associated with HIV such as that it infects only certain kinds of people. Stigma refers to be bias, negative attitudes, abuse and mistreatment directed at people living with  HIV  and  AIDS. The consequences of stigma are widespread: being rejected by family, friends and even the community. â€Å"Stigma remains the single most important barrier to public action. It is a main reason why too many people are afraid to see a doctor to determine whether they have the disease, or to seek treatment if so. It helps make AIDS the silent killer, because people fear the social disgrace of speaking about it, or taking easily available precautions. Stigma is a chief reason why the AIDS epidemic continues to devastate societies around the world. † (Moon, 2010). HIV/AIDS is a life-threatening illness, and therefore people react to it in strong ways. HIV infection is connected with actions (such as homosexuality, drug addiction, prostitution) that are already stigmatised in many communities many of this stigmatisation is caused by not being informed and the misconceptions that go along with HIV. The effects of the ARVs may cause individual to change appearance which may lead to discrimination based on appearance. HIV/AIDS is a very stressful life event with due to the diagnosis of the chronic event therefore one needs stable social support. According to Friedland, Renwick and McColl (1996) social support reflects on the following types of supports: The kind of support in which  the individual is provided with adequate services and goods and financial stability. The second support is where the individual who has HIV/AIDS is provided with all the information she needs regarding the condition she has, the third one is emotional support which is according to House (1981) the feeling that the individual is being cared for. Emotional support strengthens the feeling of self-worth and belonging and is also regarded as the most important one in terms of social support. Friedland et al. (1996) suggests that health professionals could meet the needs of people with HIV/AIDS more by developing semi-formal social support so that the burden from friends and family can be decreased. People with HIV/AIDS can be encouraged to attend counselling sessions provided by health professionals. Many communities prove that support provided by AIDS survivors, buddy-systems, support centres have decreased the gap between formal and informal social support significantly. Even if these kind of semi-formal support does not provide the closeness that friends provides, it provides a higher level of trust for the individuals with HIV/AIDS. Schreurs and Ridder (1997) emphasizes that close relationships are unique therefor they cannot be replaced. According to Broadhead et al. (1983) in Green (1993) there is a positive association between social support and psychological assets which helps the individual who has HIV/AIDS cope with the illness and also promotes recovery. Green(1993) argues that the is no proof that show the concrete proof that show social support has an effect in the development of HIV. Riello (1990) states that it is more likely for death to occur in an individual who has been diagnosed with HIV in the past 12 months with no social support. When the diagnosis is in its initial stages it is where the rate of its progression is the fastest and the individual who is being diagnosed is at his/her most vulnerable stage because they are still coming to terms with themselves having the disease. Based on these statements social support plays a big role in the physical health of an individual with HIV. Constructed on the research done by Persson (1991) there is an association between social support and an HIV positive individual’s low CD4 count. There are also symptoms during the duration of the illness that are linked to weak social support. Social support is divided into two categories. The kind that is beneficial for the individuals who are experiencing stress. According to the buffering theory, social support protects people from the unhealthy effects of traumatic events by influencing how people think about and  handle these kinds of events. According to stress and coping theory,  events are stre ssful to the extent that individuals have negative thoughts about the events and cope unproductively. This theory is called the buffering hypothesis. Willis (1985). The main theory is the one that is health improving to everyone. This theory is found when social support is intellectualized. Apparently this is not due to better coping actions but it promotes self-worth and the feeling of stability. In conclusion, it is debatable that there is a link between social support and the health improvement status in individuals living with HIV/AIDS even if it is minimal. As discussed above social support can have a negative effect when it comes to coping strategies. Even if social support help people with HIV deal with the illness it does not play a significant role in the physical well-being of the individuals but it has a big considerable emotional impact. It can be concluded that social support increases the quality of life and self-esteem in people living with HIV/AIDS. Therefor it can be concluded that more research needs to be conducted to prove the definite correlate between social support and the diagnosis of HIV. References Green, G. (1993). Editorial review: Social support and HIV. AIDS Care, 5(1), 87. Koopman, C. C. , Gore-Felton, C. C. Marouf, F. F. , Butler, L. D. , Field, N. N. , Gill, M. M. , †¦ Spiegel, D. D. (2000). Relationships of perceived stress to coping, attachment and social support among HIV-positive persons. AIDS Care, 12(5), 663-672. Friedland, J. J. , Renwick, R. R. , Mccoll, M. M. (1996). Coping and social support as determinants of quality of life in HIV/AIDS. AIDS Care, 8(1), 15-32. Schreurs, K. M. G. , de R idders, D. T. D. (1997). Integration of coping and social support perspectives: Implications for the study of adaptation to chronic diseases. Clinical Psychology Review, 17(1), 89-112. . How to cite Hiv/Aids and Social Support Essay, Essays

Monday, April 27, 2020

Love At First Sight free essay sample

My eyes will swear that I never saw real beauty until tonight. (l, V, 77) Romeo and Gullets love was love at first sight. Even though they have never met before, they fell in love once they saw each other. In modern society, that would not happen. Modern people are more educated and sophisticated. They look for more than appearance. They are more interested in their personality, attitude and chemistry. Secondly, when you meet a person you will know that one is the right person. There is a feeling in your heart that tells you that he/she is your soul mate. Romeo knew that Juliet was his soul mate.He asked the Friar Ill tell you later, but I ask you this now, that you agree to marry us today. (al, Ill, 199) After that, they got married. Even though they couldnt live together because of their parents objection and Romeo was exiled, they still loved each other. We will write a custom essay sample on Love At First Sight or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Most people in our society are divorced, because they got married so fast. They didnt know each other entirely. They have lost their home, money or children in their dispute. They are more patient now in finding the right mate for the second time. Some are even likely to get married again. Finally, love can make us do crazy things.Crazy enough that, we might even give up our own life for the one we really love, we know we cant live without him/her, Juliet pretended to be dead so she doesnt have to marry Paris. Unfortunately, Romeo thought she was really dead and he couldnt live without his soul mate, so he committed suicide. Then when Juliet woke up and was saw that, she also committed suicide because she couldnt imagine living without him. In our modern society, remarriage is an acceptable practice. Most widowers would find a mate and remarry. Many times, the dying spouse wants their mate to be looked after hen their gone so hey encouraged them to look for someone.Sometimes, the widowers just find a new mate. As you can see, love at first is a myth. People had to many bad experience from mistaking following their hearts, thinking its love at first sight, where they have lost their life savings, their homes and even jobs. People are more cautious and protective of themselves by dating longer, making rational decision on marriage, deciding of children to have not even get married at all. Works cited William Shakespeare. Love at First Sight free essay sample Does love at first sight exist? By Nadiya Love at first sight. Does it really exist? Some people say it does and some people say it doesn’t. The stories of Romeo and Juliet and Cyrano de Bergerac suggest that it does. The famous play Romeo and Juliet was written by William Shakespeare. The movie/play was written by Edmond Ronstad. Both of the love stories are very intriguing. Neither of them are set in a modern time. The stories reflect on each other quite well. Romeo and Juliet took place in beautiful Verona, during the 1590’s. The story was mainly in one town. Cyrano de Bergerac took place all over France. Both of them have a balcony scene. For Romeo and Juliet’s balcony scene it was just them. On the other hand Cyrano de Bergerac had three people involved. Both of the stories had catholic over laps. There are three main characters in Romeo and Juliet. We will write a custom essay sample on Love at First Sight or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Juliet a very young girl not in search of love stumbles upon Romeo and falls in love with him. Romeo an air headed teenager thought he had found the girl for him until he met Juliet. Then we come to Paris he is determined to marry Juliet, however Juliet’s heart is set on Romeo. There are four main characters in Cyrano de Bergerac. Roxanne is the main star. She loves the idea of love. She not being as young as Juliet was very well liked. Christian the pretty boy is in love with Roxanne but he has no words to explain it. Cyrano is Roxanne’s cousin who is also in love with her but refuses to tell her because of his looks, he decides to help Christian win her heart over. De Guiche is the fourth character he being much older than Roxanne states that he is in love with her. Does love at first sight exist? These two stories suggest it does. Even though the stories are different they are very similar. They are tragic love stories. The mystery of it all brings us back to the question Does loves at first sight exist? I guess we will never know.